Lab Update: (Dr Arpan Gandhi and Dr Navin Dang)
It detects various compounds that are eliminated in the urine, as well as cells, including bacteria, and cellular fragments. Urine is generally yellow and relatively clear, but color, quantity, concentration, and content of the urine can be slightly different because of varying constituents.
A complete urinalysis consists of:
1. Physical examination: Color, clarity, and concentration
2. Chemical examination: Tests for chemicals in urine that provide valuable information about health and disease
3. Microscopic examination: Searches for and counts the type of cells, casts, crystals, and other components (bacteria, mucus) that may be present in urine
Many disorders like metabolic and kidney disorders, urinary test infections, can be diagnosed in their early stages by detecting abnormalities in the urine.